Understanding other cultures means exploring their languages, beliefs, art, traditions. Central to the Armenian identity is the unique language and alphabet, a deeply held religious faith, and their unique expression of these two components in “illuminated manuscripts” (handwritten books decorated with elaborate designs or miniature pictures.) These ancient texts are still revered by Armenians… as expressions of their religious devotion and their shared history, whether they live in Armenia or in the diaspora. When we choose to teach about hard history, helping students understand the lives of the victims and survivors—how they lived and expressed themselves before genocide—is essential to a deeper, more lasting learning experience. This lesson introduces students to the Armenian people through their language, art, and history. The activity is appropriate for 5-12 grade social studies, English language arts, and art students.