The Armenian Genocide Monument, Dzidzernagapert, was constructed in 1965 to commemorate the 50th anniversary of the Armenian Genocide. Twelve imposing pylons representing the twelve provinces where Armenians were massacred surround the eternal memorial flame inside the fortress. The flame burns to represent the Armenian spirit, which can never be extinguished. The monument, which means “Swallows Fortress,” is named for a bird that always returns to its nest, even if its home has been destroyed. A unique portion of the monument is the tall, needle-shaped shaft beside it, which represents the rebirth of the Armenian people.
A massive outburst of Armenian emotion inspired the building of the memorial. The location of the monument creates a powerful feeling of sadness and solitude. People from all parts of the world visit the monument to express their respect to all those who perished.